Part 135

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Part 135
  • Part 135 Certification Information

    Part 135 Certification Information

    Resources on topics such as obtaining a new Part 135 certificate, adding aircraft to an existing certificate and eligible on-demand operations. Learn More.

  • operational control

    Operational Control

    Resources and best practices information to assist operators in complying with FAA guidance on the operational control of aircraft by Part 135 certificate holders. Learn More.

  • Selling Charter by the Seat

    Selling Charter by the Seat

    New technology has provided additional tools for selling individual charter seats, but operators still must comply with regulations. This resource provides information on regulatory considerations for scheduled, on-demand and public charter air transportation. Learn More.

  • Part 135 Extended Operations (ETOPS)

    Part 135 Extended Operations (ETOPS)

    Information on the ETOPS rule that is applicable when aircraft, at approved one-engine inoperative cruise speed, are more than 180 minutes flying time from an airport meeting the requirements of Part 135. Learn More.

  • Air Charter Brokers

    Air Charter Brokers

    Information on the role air charter brokers play in arranging air transportation. Learn More.

  • FAA Alerts and Notices

    FAA Alerts and Notices

    Review important FAA safety alerts and notices of interest to Part 135 operators. View Alerts.

Part 135 News

App-Based Charter Tools May Raise Legal Concerns
August 6, 2018
App-based tools matching passengers to seats on business aircraft offer new opportunities for the industry, but charter brokers and operators should seek counsel beforehand to ensure they're complying with regulations. "NBAA encourages companies to continue to innovate in their businesses, but it's imperative they balance that innovation against regulatory concerns," said Mike Nichols, CAM, NBAA's vice president for operational excellence and professional development. Read more in the July/August 2018 issue of Business Aviation Insider magazine.
NBAA Recommends Part 135 Operators Review Aircraft Interior Exemptions
July 20, 2018
NBAA is encouraging members to review their records for exemptions related to aircraft interiors following a recent FAA InFo, which highlighted a safety situation that could impact some Part 135 airplanes currently being operated on charter certificates. Learn more.
FAA Invites Part 135 Operators to Participate in Beta Release of Pilot Records Database
June 1, 2018
The FAA has invited Part 135 operators to participate voluntarily in the Phase I Beta release of the Pilot Records Database (PRD), which began with Part 121 operators in 2017. Mandated by the FAA Extension Act of 2010, the PRD will eventually be the online portal for pilot records and will expedite the hiring process for pilots. Read more about the Pilot Records Database.
Bitcoins for Flights: Charter Operators Enter the World of Cryptocurrency
March 15, 2018
Some charter companies looking to keep up with consumer demand are accepting a new method of payment: digital currency. Bitcoin is the world’s first and highest-valued decentralized digital currency, meaning all transactions take place directly between users without a central administrator or intermediary. There are numerous reasons why charter companies have begun accepting cryptocurrencies – 24/7 transaction ability, faster processing times, lower fees – but the most common factor is customer feedback. Read more about cryptocurrency payments.
New NBAA Resource Offers Guidance on Selling Charter by the Seat
June 22, 2017
New technology, such as mobile apps and crowdsourcing platforms, has provided Part 135 operators and brokers with additional tools for selling individual charter seats, but it hasn’t changed the regulatory standards to which they are held. Operators must still navigate Department of Transportation (DOT) and FAA rules that are not always clear, and are subject to fact-specific interpretation by the agencies, with the threat of stiff enforcement penalties ever present.In NBAA’s new resource, Guide to Selling Charter By The Seat (PDF), members will find information on what operations are permitted under Part 135, the differences between FAA and DOT enforcement policies and specific regulatory considerations for scheduled, on-demand and public charter air transportation. Read more about selling charter by the seat.
New FAA Review Board Offers Clarity on Inconsistent Interpretations of Regulations
March 29, 2017
Business aviation operators have a new recourse when faced with conflicting FAA interpretations of regulations by the Flight Standards Service or Aircraft Certification Service. On March 9, the FAA established the Regulatory Consistency Communication Board (RCCB) to provide guidance to stakeholders by clarifying inconsistencies related to the application of regulations. “We commend the FAA on the formation of the RCCB, which will be a welcome mechanism to help standardize agency responses and interpretations to regulations, particularly those coming from Flight Standards District Offices,” said David Norton, an aviation attorney and member of NBAA's Domestic Operations Committee. Read more about the RCCB.
Industry Groups Drive On-Demand Air Carrier Training Changes
March 16, 2016
NBAA, the National Air Transportation Association (NATA), and a group of on-demand air carriers and training centers have developed recommendations for the FAA to modernize training for air carriers operating under Part 135. Recommendations made by the FAA Air Carrier Training Aviation Rulemaking Committee urge the FAA to align regulations under Part 135 and Part 142 to reduce administrative inefficiencies. Read more about the training changes.
DOT Bans Use of E-Cigarettes on Commercial Flights, Including Charters
March 9, 2016
The U.S. DOT recently issued a final rule that bans the use of electronic cigarettes on commercial aircraft. The ban affects scheduled airlines and charter flights in which a flight attendant is a required crewmember (aircraft with 19 or more passenger seats). The DOT said it created this regulation to improve air quality, reduce health risks and enhance safety. Read more.
NBAA Webinar Helps Part 135 Operators Gauge Duty and Rest Compliance
Feb. 12, 2016
An NBAA webinar last week helped Part 135 operators better understand how to comply with regulatory crew-duty and rest-time requirements, especially under challenging operating scenarios. "You must be able to provide and prove 10 hours of rest within the 24 consecutive hours preceding a flight's planned completion time," said Alex Beringer, executive vice president at Fair Wind Air Charter and one of the speakers at the webinar. "There's a mutual responsibility between the crew and the certificate holder to make sure regulations are complied with." Learn more about duty and rest-time requirements.
Clearing Up Confusion Surrounding Part 135 Crew Duty, Rest Times
Jan. 26, 2016
FAA regulations governing FAR Part 135 crew duty and rest times have been a source of confusion for many operators, particularly following an October 2015 FAA chief counsel interpretation. Although that interpretation was in line with others on the subject, it came as a surprise to many who did not fully understand how the regulations affect pilots who are "on call." "Many operate under the mistaken belief that pilots enter their 10-hour rest period when they end their day, and that a 'perpetual' rest period exists until they receive their next assignment," said Alex Beringer, executive vice president at Fair Wind Air Charter. Beringer is among the presenters of an NBAA webinar on Feb. 10 that will advise operators about proper crew duty and rest procedures. Learn more.
FAA Issues Amendment for Part 135 Charter Operators Training Under Part 121
Jan. 8, 2016
FAA recently issued a final rule to correct a mistake that affected on-demand charter operators who voluntarily complied with the training requirements outlined under Part 121. The rule, originally published in July 2013, required operators who voluntarily complied with training and qualification regulations in Part 121 to also require second-in-command (SIC) pilots to have an airline transport pilot (ATP) certificate. Learn more.
NBAA Advocates for New FAA Inspector Guidance to Ease Part 135 Pilot-Checking Challenges
Oct. 15, 2015
The FAA has issued new guidance to agency inspectors that should provide relief from pilot-checking challenges faced by Part 135 operators due to a shortage of check airmen. NBAA worked for many months to increase the FAA's awareness of this issue, lobbying for additional resources and recommending policy changes to meet Part 135 operators’ testing and checking needs. "This policy notice is the result of months of collaboration between the FAA and industry," said Brian Koester, NBAA project manager of operations. "We appreciate the attention the FAA has given this matter and believe this recent policy notice will alleviate many testing and checking concerns of the Part 135 industry." Learn more about the new FAA policy.
NBAA Meets with FAA to Address Cockpit Voice Recorder Concerns
Jan. 13, 2015
As part of a series of on-going meetings, NBAA met with the FAA Chief Counsel's Office last month to discuss several issues, including a recent interpretation regarding cockpit voice recorders (CVRs). The interpretation has caused concern among Part 135 operators using multiengine turbine powered aircraft with six or more passenger seats operated single pilot. Previously, the FAA has granted approval of such operations without an installed CVR, but the interpretation indicates this may no longer be permitted. Several members of the Regulatory Issues Advisory Group met with the chief counsel last month to discuss the interpretation, and recently sent a follow-up letter seeking additional clarification. Read more.
DOT Approves Final Rule on Carriage of Musical Instruments
Jan. 7, 2015
In compliance with the 2012 FAA Modernization and Reform Act, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) recently approved a final rule on the carriage of musical instruments. The new rule creates 14 CFR Part 251 – Carriage of Musical Instruments, which covers both checked and carry-on instruments for scheduled as well as on-demand carriers. Learn more about the new rule.
FAA Requests Comments on Draft of Weight and Balance Standards
Nov. 18, 2013
The FAA recently issued a new draft version of Advisory Circular 120-27, Weight and Balance Control, that is available for public review and comment until Dec. 7. This draft version removes the standard average passenger and baggage weight data that the FAA has previously provided, which many Part 91, 125 and 135 operators have utilized in lieu of actual weights of passengers and baggage. NBAA encourages Members to review and comment on the draft version. Review the draft Advisory Circular.
FAA to Extend Timeline for Contract Flight Instructor and Check-Airman Records Review
May 20, 2013
The FAA announced last week that it will soon release a new notice extending the compliance date for the contract flight instructor and check-airman training records review currently outlined in FAA Notice 8900.208. Part 121 and 135 operators and Part 91K program managers now have until Sept. 30 to ensure the contract flight instructors and check airmen they have nominated have records showing completion of at least one air carrier or program manager's initial training and qualification curriculum as a flightcrew member for the respective FAR part. Learn more about the records review requirement.
NBAA Submits Comments to FAA Contract Maintenance Proposal
March 18, 2013
Last week NBAA submitted comments to the FAA's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on air carrier contract maintenance requirements. The NPRM seeks to require the development of policies, procedures, methods and instructions for performing contract maintenance to be included in operator maintenance manuals of Part 135 operators of aircraft type certificated with a passenger seating configuration of 10 seats or more. It also would require affected operators to provide to FAA a list of all persons with whom the the operator contracts for maintenance. For more information, contact NBAA's Operations Service Group at

View NBAA's Comments to the Contract Maintenance NPRM (156 KB, PDF)

View the Contract Maintenance NPRM (232 KB, PDF)

View the Contract Maintenance NPRM Comment Period Extension Notice (235 KB, PDF)

Industry Groups & FAA Discuss Contract Check Airman Issue
November 26, 2012
Last week, a group of industry representatives, including NBAA, NATA, Part 135 operators and Part 142 training centers, discussed concerns with FAA officials related to how contract check airmen and instructors employed by Part 142 training centers are qualified for use by Part 135 air carriers. The issue is an FAA requirement that all contract simulator instructors and check airman must have completed initial training and qualification for at least one Part 135 operator at some point in their career in order to be eligible to provide services on a contract basis to Part 135 carriers. Learn more about the meeting and issue.
NBAA Comments in Favor of FAA Rule Change for Part 135
February 16, 2012
The Association has submitted comments supporting a recent FAA rule change that would permit eligible Part 135 operators to conduct IFR operations at foreign and military airports with lower than standard weather minimums. Currently, 14 CFR 135.225 prohibits takeoffs at foreign and military airports when the visibility is less than 1 mile and approaches when the visibility is less than 1/2 mile. Once in effect, Part 135 operators that have been issued Operations Specification C079 will be able to takeoff with lower weather minimums at foreign and military airports, just as they are permitted to at U.S. civil airports. View NBAA's comments and learn more.
Send FAA Comments on Part 135 Training Notice by Feb. 27
February 15, 2012
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently issued a draft notice that would require FAA inspectors to review Part 135-approved training programs to identify and correct programs that erroneously issued credit for previous training or checking. The notice also provides guidance on constructing reduced-hour training programs based on previous experience. Members of NBAA's Domestic Operations Committee and staff met last week with the FAA to discuss concerns with the proposed requirement raised by NBAA Members. The deadline to submit comments on the draft notice is February 27 and NBAA encourages Part 135 operators to send their comments to the FAA. Learn more and submit comments on the Part 135 training draft notice.
FAA Rule Change Helps Part 135 Operators at Foreign and Military Airports
January 16, 2012
Last week, the FAA issued a direct final rule that modifies the language in 14 CFR 135.225 to permit Part 135 operators that have been issued the C079 Operations Specification to operate at foreign and military airports with lower-than-standard weather minimums. This rule change brings the specific regulatory section into alignment with other sections of the regulations that currently permit lower than standard IFR operations at domestic civilian airports when authorized. NBAA has worked with the FAA to resolve differing interpretations of the rule over the last few years, but this change resolves the issue once-and-for-all in a manner acceptable to Part 135 operators. The rule change is effective on February 27, 2012. Learn more.
Webinar Navigates Complexities of Charter, Broker Regulations
May 11, 2011
Given the complexities of the regulatory environment for charter companies and brokers, a small slip in business practices, even if unintentional, might generate a huge fine for charter brokers and operators. In a May 5 webinar, "Trends in Air Charter," by Mike Nichols, NBAA Vice President for Operations, Education and Economics, moderates a session with leading attorneys to discuss the do’s and don’ts. The interactive webinar has been recorded for playback and is now available on-demand. Learn more.