Region II: Caribbean

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Regional Leads

  • Region II (CAR) Lead: Guy D. Gribble, International Flight Resources, LLC


Trump Administration Policies Impact Business Aircraft Operations to Cuba
Nov. 29, 2017
The Trump administration recently announced new restrictions on travel to and trade with Cuba. Policies created under the Obama administration allowed Americans to travel to Cuba for a number of reasons, including the "people-to-people" category of educational travel. The Trump administration rolled back the "people-to-people" category, but is still allowing certain humanitarian and business development trips. "Operators should work with their flight planning providers and their passengers to ensure any flights to Cuba are operated in accordance with policies current at the time of the flights," said Doug Carr, NBAA's vice president of regulatory and international affairs. Learn more about business aircraft operations to Cuba.
Revised Routes Between Miami Center, Havana Area Control Center Starting Oct. 12
Oct. 5, 2017
A major revision to the route structure for aircraft operating to/from Cuba, as well as overflying Cuba, in and out of Miami Center will begin on Thursday, Oct. 12. Additional routes have been added to increase the capacity of the airspace. Learn more.
New Customs Facility in Florida Keys Services Flights from the Caribbean, Cuba
May 2, 2016
A new U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) facility at the Florida Keys Marathon International Airport (MTH) is one more sign of the increasing excitement being generated among operators over the eventual opening of Cuba to business aviation flights. Learn more about the new CBP facility.
U.S. Aircraft Visiting Cuba Now Allowed to Stay Seven Days
Oct. 8, 2015
U.S.-based aircraft operators authorized by the FAA to fly into Cuba may now keep their aircraft there on "temporary sojourn" up to seven consecutive days, according to changes recently by the U.S. Treasury and Commerce departments. Previously, aircraft were limited to a single overnight. The latest revisions also allow for export/re-export to Cuba of items "to help ensure the safety of civil aviation and the safe operation of commercial passenger aircraft." However, tourism is not yet permitted for U.S. citizens. Read more about flying to Cuba.
Restrictions on Flying to Cuba Still Largely Intact
Feb. 13, 2015
Operators considering flights to Cuba should carefully review the requirements and limitations on such operations, as well as the types of travel authorized, as there are significant civil or criminal penalties for violating the U.S. embargo. While there is substantial interest in flying to Cuba, most of the restrictions on business aircraft flights have not changed, noted Brian Koester, NBAA’s project manager of operations. For example, private operation of any N-registered aircraft will still require an advance “temporary” sojourn license from the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security. This authorization can take several months to obtain, making it difficult to arrange private flights to Cuba. In addition, a private operator would need to comply with most of the FAR and Customs requirements for air carriers. Read more about restrictions on flying to Cuba.
FAA Makes Changes to Approvals for Extended Overwater Operations in WATRS Airspace
Nov. 20, 2014
The FAA recently made changes to OpSpec/Management Specification (MSPec)/Letter of Authorization (LOA) B045, Extended Overwater Operations Using a Single Long-Range Communication System. The changes affect part 91K, 121, 125, or 135 operators utilizing a single long-range communication system in the West Atlantic Route System, Caribbean, or Gulf of Mexico. Operators must receive the mandatory new approval by April 23, 2015. The current template for B045 is combined for parts 121, 152 and 135, which causes confusion with respect to operational control organizations. The new templates are tailored to the operational control organization and communication requirements of each part. Learn more.
Puerto Rico Ports Authority Publishes Private Aviation Guide
Nov. 20, 2014
The Puerto Rico Ports Authority (PRPA), which owns and operates nine public-use airports in Puerto Rico, has published a Private Aviation Guide to provide pilots and operators with helpful operational information when flying to the Caribbean island territory. The guide covers an overview of Puerto Rico’s airport system, including customs and immigration requirements and hours, arrival procedures, VRF transitions through the San Juan Class C airspace, and general FAQs related to flying to Puerto Rico.Read more about the new guide to flying to Puerto Rico.
New RNAV Routes for the Gulf of Mexico
Janury 8, 2013
On Jan. 10, 2013, at 0630 UTC, new RNAV routes will take effect for crossing the Gulf of Mexico. Two ATS routes will be maintained. Aircraft entering GoMex airspace at or after 0630 UTC are expected to file and fly the new GoMex route structure, including the new “Lima” and “Mike” RNAV routes. This will allow the application of 50 NM lateral separations for qualified aircraft, authorized for RNP 10 (minimum) or RNP 4. Learn more.
Overflying Mexico or Venezuela? Ensure Your Account Is in Good Standing
April 2, 2012
Recently, both Mexico and Venezuela have implemented the practice of denying overflight privileges for operators with overdue fees. "This is not something where people were receiving a bill and electing not to pay it," explained NBAA Operations Service Group Project Manager Scott O'Brien. "These operators had not even received a bill." NBAA has been investigating this issue on behalf of Members who were previously unaware that they had unpaid balances in these countries. Find out what your company needs to know about overflying these countries in this week's NBAA Flight Plan podcast. Learn More .
NBAA Provides Guidance to Operators on Mexico Overflight Fees
March 26, 2012
Operators overflying the Mexican Flight Information Region (FIR) and not landing in the country should be aware of overflight fees imposed by SENEAM, the provider of air navigation services in Mexico. While the Mexican authority to collect these fees has been in place since 2002, the government has recently denied aircraft access to the Mexican FIR for nonpayment of fees. The overflight fees must be calculated by each operator and paid to SENEAM. Operators should not expect to receive a bill for the fees; they must be self-reported and paid in full to ensure access to the Mexican FIR. Download the Guide to Overflying Mexican Territory (3.0 MB, PDF).
Further Guidance Published on RNP 10 in the Gulf of Mexico
December 16, 2011
For operators flying aircraft with a Single Long Range Navigation System (S-LRNS), the FAA has published guidance on the authorization process for conducing RNP 10 operations in the Gulf of Mexico Oceanic Control Areas (GoMex CTA). On October 20, the FAA implemented 50-nautical-mile lateral separation between aircraft authorized for RNP 10 or RNP 4 operations in the GoMex CTA. The process for RNP 10 authorization of aircraft equipped with S-LRNS is the same as that for aircraft equipped with two or more LRNS with the exception that S-LRNS RNP 10 eligibility is currently restricted to GoMex operations. Learn more operations in the Gulf of Mexico. Learn more about the Gulf of Mexico airspace. Learn More.
Clarification Regarding Collection of Piarco FIR Air Navigation Fees
May 11, 2010
There has been some confusion expressed by operators who have received invoices from several collection companies in the Caribbean for air navigation fees incurred in the Piarco FIR. Specifically, questions were raised as to whether or not the charges were valid. NBAA has confirmed, with the Trinidad Civil Aviation Authority, that invoices received from CANAS and ATCHL (Air Transit Clearing House Limited) are legitimate and that these companies are known entities for invoicing / collecting air navigation and related fees for non IATA ops in the Piarco FIR. For more information, contact NBAA International Region II Lead Paul Worrell.
Additional Mexican Customs Requirement for GA Operators
March 3, 2008
All general aviation (GA) aircraft operating into Mexico from the Caribbean, Central America and South America now have to stop in Cozumel (MMCZ) or Tapachula (MMTP) for illegal substance inspections. Countries that are considered to be within the Caribbean zone are Bermuda, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. While operators may stop at either MMCZ or MMTP, Mexico is recommending Cozumel (MMCZ) due to better customs facilities at that location. For information on the requirements, which went into effect on February 1, view the Notice to Airmen.
RNP 10 to Be Implemented in WATRS Plus Airspace June 2008
February 27, 2008
On June 5, 2008, a redesigned route structure and 50 nm lateral separation between aircraft authorized RNP 10 or RNP 4 will be implemented in the WATRS Plus control areas. The FAA will accommodate a small percentage of flights by aircraft that are not RNP 10 endorsed, but eligible operators are urged to obtain operational approval for RNP 10 or RNP 4 by May 5, 2008. U.S. operators will continue to obtain operational approval using the guidance in FAA Order 8400.12A (RNP 10 Operational Approval)
  • FAA Order 8400.12A and an 8400.12A-based job aid for U.S. operators and FAA inspectors are posted on the WATRS Plus web site
  • The FAA WATRS Plus Operator Overview presentation is available to download here.
New APIS Notification Requirement for Several Caribbean Countries
March 14, 2007
A new Electronic Advanced Passenger Information System (eAPIS) notification requirement became effective on February 1 for private and commercial flights to and from member states of the Caribbean community (CARICOM), which are: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago. No special visas are required of citizens of Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, South Africa, Spain, United Kingdom, U.S. and their dependent territories, as well as nationals and residents of CARICOM states (except Haiti). Visit the NBAA CARICOM APIS resource for more information.
Change in Documentation Requirements for Crew Members Entering Mexico
July 20, 2006
Crew members entering Mexico's national territory will need to present for inspection a pilot certificate issued by the crew country of nationality and fill out a Statistical Immigration Form. It is recommended that crew members also have a passport. Initially, Mexican Immigration wanted crews to present a passport, but the most recent Mexican Immigration announcement, April 22, 2005 - CRM/115/05, amends the earlier requirement. More.
Mexican Government Announces New Navigation Fees
January 2005
In December 2003, the Mexican federal government announced its intention to implement new navigation fees. The exact structure is not yet firm, but the start up date was to be January 1, 2005. From information brought to NBAA’s attention by fixed-based operator ICCS Mexico, it appears that the fees are significantly higher that previously charged. NBAA will continue to seek an avenue that provides a more equitable funding structure than the current one, which uses wingspan to determine fee rates. For additional information, contact your handler before departing for Mexico, or view the ICCS notice (10KB, PDF | 44 KB, Word).
Mexican Landing Permit Forms
August 11, 2003
Private non-Mexican operators are required to have these national landing permits to operate in Mexico. These permits were instituted to streamline payment of airport landing fees. Download the English-language information and forms in Adobe PDF (113 KB) or Microsoft Word (179 KB) format